According to Moses Udo Ikoh, a Professor of Criminology and Sociology of Law, the porousness of Nigeria‘s borders is a major cause of the country’s current increase in bandits, human trafficking, kidnapping, banditry, and other organized crimes.
Ikoh, who also serves as the Director of Academic Planning at the Federal University of Lafia Nasarawa State, made the announcement while delivering the University’s second inaugural lecture.
Ikoh, who teaches in the Sociology department, revealed that Nigeria currently has 1,400 illegal borders.
He claimed that this allows human traffickers, bandits, terrorists, drug peddlers, and others involved in organized crime to enter the country and carry out their criminal activities unhindered.
The don, in his inaugural lecture titled “Sociology of the Criminal, Arc of Tension, and Harvest of Insecurity in Nigeria: Patterns, Linkages, and Implications for National Security,” insisted that Nigeria is not winning the war against terror due to intelligence leakage, insider collaboration, and the presence of moles.
He went on to say that the recent incident in Ibi, Taraba State, on August 7, 2019, in which soldiers had to kill police officers performing their lawful duties in order to free a kidnap kingpin, demonstrates a lack of cooperation among the country’s security agencies.
“There is a growing recognition in the world that insecurity as experienced in Nigeria through “invasion and succession” and terrorism is a transnational problem, and that those immigrants can also cause serious security problems in their country of destination,” Ikoh said.
They had to implement stringent border controls. In Nigeria, border policing is the responsibility of the entire Ministry of Internal Affairs, which includes the Department of Customs.
“Nigeria has roughly 1,400 illegal borders, the majority of which run across the arc of tension.” Because of these porous borders, organized criminals, as well as traffickers in arms and ammunition, people, and drugs, have been able to infiltrate. It is also possible for organized criminal gangs, with or without a base in the country, to sneak into the country, carry out their operations, and then return unhindered to their bases in Niger, Chad, and Mali.”
Ikoh suggested that the joint task force be re-evaluated and that all forms of corruption in the armed forces be eradicated.
“There is a need to rethink the operation of the Joint Task Force that Nigeria has with Chad, Niger, and Cameroon to combat terrorism.” The security forces appear to be willing to engage in the theater of war against the terrorists, but they lack the necessary weapons and technology to gain an operational advantage. To eliminate the insurgents, which are growing in number each year, sophisticated weapons, joint combat training, and battle design are required.
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“There is a need to eradicate corruption among members of the armed forces.” When President Goodluck Jonathan lamented that Boko Haram had infiltrated security agencies and even his own government, the matter was not pursued further.
“However, Nigeria is not winning the war on terror as effectively as it should be due to intelligence information leakage, insider collaboration, and the presence of moles.” The recent incident in Ibi, Taraba State (7th August 2019), in which soldiers had to kill police officers performing their lawful duties in order to free a kidnap kingpin, suggests a lack of cooperation among security organs.
“Climate change is exacerbating desertification in the Sahel region.” The Lake Chad Basin is shrinking, which is affecting the lives of millions of people who rely on it. The truth is that arable and grazing lands are shrinking. As a result, the rate of violent crime is increasing.
“Libya should be forced to work.” Libya’s lack of government is having an impact onMali, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso, and even Ivory Coast have suffered significantly. The African Union (AU) may not have to intervene in the affairs of member states, but it is not out of place to try to reconcile faction leaders in that country in order to form one strong united government.
“The failure of Libya’s government is strengthening terrorist groups in the Sahel region, and Nigeria is suffering as a result.” The North East Development Commission (NEDC) should be involved in more than just the reconstruction and rehabilitation of people in war-torn communities and Local Government areas.
“The National Orientation Agency (NOA) should be strengthened in order to sensitize the public about the instillation of national values.” When primary groups and social institutions are recognized as National values can be internalised, propagated, and practiced in centers of value allocation and defense.”